What is Parkinson disease?
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that mostly presents in later life with generalised slowing of movements and at least one other symptom of resting tremor or rigidity. Symptoms begin gradually, even as small as a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand.
Symptoms of Parkinson
Parkinson’s disease symptoms worsen as the condition progresses over time. In the early stages, you may observe slurs in speech, erratic arm movement when walking, and the lack of facial expression.
Parkinson's signs and symptoms may include:
- Slowed movement (bradykinesia)
- Rigid muscles.
- Impaired posture and balance
- Loss of automatic movements (blinking, smiling or swinging your arms when you walk)
- Speech changes (Speaking softly, quickly, slurring or hesitation before talking)
- Writing difficulties
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
Many of the symptoms are due to a loss of dopamine, neurons that produce a chemical messenger in your brain. These drops in dopamine levels result in abnormal brain activity, leading to the symptoms as mentioned before.
The cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown, but several factors appear to play a role, including:
- Genes (Rare cases with many family members affected by Parkinson's disease)
- Environmental triggers (Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors)
parkinson disease treatment
Parkinson's disease can't be cured, but medications can help control your symptoms. In some more advanced cases, surgery may be advised.
Our physiotherapists may also recommend lifestyle changes, such as ongoing aerobic exercise, focusing on balance and strengthening exercises along with stretching
Physical Therapy can help introduce management strategies that can reduce daily inconveniences such as freezing episodes, shuffling steps and other movement issues. Treatment can also prevent the further onset of common illnesses experienced by patients with Parkinson’s, such as pneumonia.
Our Treatment Process for Parkinson Disease
Exercises to improve Balance & Strength
Visual and/or Sound Cues to assist Movement
Ranging & Stretching Exercises to Prevent Stiffness of Joints
Improve or Maintain Mobility to prevent secondary complications.